Introduction

Aeronautical / Aerospace Engineering is one of the most challenging and rewarding fields of engineering with a wide demanding scope for growth. It is a broad and multidisciplinary subject which covers a varied range of disciplines in an integrated and unified way.

This is a specialized and improved branch of mechanical engineering that involve learning about the design, analysis, testing, and overall operation of vehicles which operate in air, space, water and ground.

This field deals with the development of new technology in the field of civil and military aircraft, space vehicles, defence systems, missiles, satellites, weapons systems, automobile and manufacturing system. Aerospace Engineering is concerned with the design, construction, development, testing, operation and maintenance of all above machine. Aeronautical engineers work on the all high end technology that make up these aircraft and related different components systems.

A wide variety of opportunities awaits the aerospace engineering graduate in research, development, design, production, sales, and management in the aerospace industry, and in many related industries in which fluid flow, control, and transportation problems play major roles.

Role of an Aeronautical Engineer

The role of Aeronautical / Aerospace engineer is to focus on improving flight safety, fuel efficiency, speed and weight, as well as reducing system costs and using advancing technologies to meet customer needs. Increasingly, the role addresses the environmental impact of air travel.

Specific tasks vary according to the role, specialism and employer but typically they could include :
  • Applying the principles of science and technology to create aircraft, space craft components and support equipment
  • Researching and developing design specifications
  • Undertaking systematic manufacturing, involving the assembly and modification of components
  • Supervising the assembly of airframes and the installation of engines, instruments and other equipment
  • Participating in flight test programs to measure take-off distances, rate of climb, stall speeds, maneuverability and landing capacities
  • Resolving issues that arise during the design, development and testing processes
  • Maintaining aircraft for full operation including making regular inspections, maintenance and servicing
  • Measuring and improving the performance of aircraft, components and systems
  • Modifying designs to improve safety features or minimize fuel consumption and pollution
  • Developing repair procedures as well as working out and managing schedules for repair and maintenance
  • Investigating aircraft accidents
  • Collating information, interpreting data and publishing the results of specific projects in technical report form
  • Using computer-aided design (CAD) software to create designs and plans
  • Storing paperwork for approved data (drawings, technical instructions, assessments and calculations)
  • Working with teams, suppliers, clients and managers to agree budgets, timescales and specifications
  • Project managing, including scheduling resources and staff and managing budgets
  • Communicating technical and regulatory advice to clients, teams, suppliers and other professionals within the aerospace industry and presenting data to groups and individuals

Subjects to Study

The curriculum is designed to provide the student with an education in the fundamental principles of aerodynamics, flight dynamics, propulsion, aircraft structural, flight controls, design, testing, and space technologies with many other mechanical engineering branch subjects.

Students majoring in Aerospace Engineering are those with a strong aptitude toward math. Aerospace Engineering involves many core engineering courses along with math and science. Students who like science and mathematics may enjoy the field. Aerospace engineering students will usually have a strong inclination toward working with space travel, airplanes and other vehicles.

The early years of the course lay a broad and unified foundation in basic engineering. The later, more advanced studies develop these skills and lead to understanding the complexity of modern engineering.

Four themes extend throughout the course; aerodynamics and propulsion, structures and materials, dynamics and control, and design and systems. These subjects have applications to a wide variety of engineering situations, but are developed in an aeronautical context, which produces a challenging course. It also provides prime examples of the interdisciplinary activities of engineering.